The Blight of Corrosive Corruption (I), By Emanuel Feldman (Jerusalem Post)
“The secular founders of the modern state of Israel wanted to create a new Jew. They would toss Judaism overboard as a Diaspora phenomenon and create an Israeli in tune with contemporary times.”
“We are new Jews. The shared suffering of Jewish history, our moral triumphs over savagery, the long, mystic chord of Jewish national memory, the unique Jewish perspective on God, life, morality and the world around us – such things have been torn away from our collective identity.”
“God’s miraculous intervention is not part of our Israeli narrative.”
“Having lost all pride and self-confidence in who they are, and knowing and caring little about the long history of the land, too many of our young people are unable even to defend the very idea of a Jewish state, much less prepared to sacrifice for it.”
For context concerning the “New Jews”, click here.
I was studying Chapter I of the Book of Isaiah when out of the holy text leapt headlines from The Jerusalem Post, Haaretz, Ma’ariv and Yediot, as well as from foreign newspapers: “Your leaders have become plunderers, associates of thieves, lovers of bribery, pursuers of payoffs” (1:23).
The rest of the chapter, as they say, was commentary: “How has she become like a harlot, the city of faithfulness. Once it was filled with justice and righteousness, but now – murderers.”
One often turns to the Bible for solace, but in this instance the only consolation was in the knowledge that we today did not invent corruption. Greed and selfishness are part of the human condition. This is one of the major purposes of Judaism – to help us transcend our natural inclinations.
That this is an ongoing struggle is evident from the endless string of scandals and sheer incompetence in Israeli public life. When 85% of Israelis believe our government is corrupt, it is time to ask: Have we become just another Levantine state on the shores of the Mediterranean, one whose officials are always on the take, and where bribery and cronyism are an accepted way of life? Does Israel now embody the fear of the prophets that some day we will truly become like all the nations, instead of being a light to the nations?
THE CONGREGATION of suspects is frightening: former minister of justice Haim Ramon and President Moshe Katsav on morals charges; (a president has already resigned because of financial improprieties). Ariel Sharon and his sons were accused of financial misdeeds, and former premiers Binyamin Netanyahu and Ehud Barak have been under investigation even though charges were never formally brought.
Star players of a major football team are accused of accepting payoffs from gamblers. Nor have Orthodox religious leaders been immune to this spreading contagion. They have not always served as the model of behavior that is expected of those who wear the mantle of Torah.
And now, the frosting on the cake: Israel’s topmost tax officials and businessmen stand accused of influence-peddling at the Tax Authority, while Olmert himself could soon be under investigation for other improprieties – all underscoring what Yediot describes as “the tight relationship between the criminal world and the public bureaucracy.”
In a recent survey of countries judged the most honest in the world, UPI recently dropped Israel from No. 10 to the No. 34 slot, along with such exemplars of rectitude as Cuba and Laos. A corrosive culture of corruption surrounds us. One needs more than a lantern to search the dark for an honest man.
EACH ONE of us is affected. We tell ourselves: If everyone is cutting ethical corners why should I be a freier – a sucker? The great threat to our future in this land emanates not so much from the enemies around us, but from the enemies within us – in keeping with another prophetic dictum: “Those who undermine and destroy you will emerge from you” (Isaiah 49:17).
The secular founders of the modern state of Israel wanted to create a new Jew. They would toss Judaism overboard as a Diaspora phenomenon and create an Israeli in tune with contemporary times. Not for him the inhibitions and onerous restrictions of Judaism. He would be carefree and joyous, not caftaned in gloomy black. He’d wear shorts, sleeves rolled up, arms and legs bronzed from the sun; always smiling, optimistic, carefree.
The original Zionist anthem was amended and lashuv l’eretz avoteinu (“to return to the land of our fathers”) was replaced by lihyot am hofshi b’artzenu (“to be free in our land”).
Hofshi – free – not only politically, but from any anchor in the past.
SECULAR ISRAEL has succeeded only too well. Like any banana republic, the common currency consists of graft, greed and cynicism. Little wonder, then, that men of integrity like Binyamin Begin, Natan Sharansky and Dan Meridor have largely left the public sphere.
We are new Jews. The shared suffering of Jewish history, our moral triumphs over savagery, the long, mystic chord of Jewish national memory, the unique Jewish perspective on God, life, morality and the world around us – such things have been torn away from our collective identity.
And when we do pick up shards of our history, we immediately distort them. We celebrate Hanukka, but we celebrate exclusively a military victory of the few over the many: God’s miraculous intervention is not part of our Israeli narrative.
We observe Pessah, but God’s intercession is not part of the story. Shavuot is no more than an ancient agricultural festival. Sinai and its thou-shalts and thou-shalt-nots are not on the screen.
Rosh Hashana, the anniversary of the world’s creation and a time to acknowledge His sovereignty, is instead a time for trips to the beach and jaunts to other countries.
ONE HAS only to look around to see what has occurred. Our youth imitates the worst attributes of the West, with its drugs and instant gratification. The riches of our spiritual and literary tradition are a closed book for them. In a recent chat with a 10th-grade secular boy, I asked if he studied any Mishna. He had never heard of the word!
Having lost all pride and self-confidence in who they are, and knowing and caring little about the long history of the land, too many of our young people are unable even to defend the very idea of a Jewish state, much less prepared to sacrifice for it.
As for much of our intellectual elite, having discarded their own unique Jewish identity they parrot the trendy anti-Jewish clich s of foreign intellectuals and consider Israel a colonial occupier of land not their own.
WE ARE in the throes of a struggle for the soul of Israel. Will it be a light unto the nations, or just another corrupt little state, the only difference being that our corrupters speak not Italian or Turkish, but Hebrew?
The future well-being of Israel will not be determined by bombs or planes or military might – crucial as these are to our physical survival – but by our strength of character, by our recognition that there are transcendent forces in life that surmount the dollar, by the realization that our past is precious, and of enduring relevance. This is why the moral flabbiness that pervades our public square is so distressing.
Internal rot is much more insidious than external assault.
There are those among Israel’s cultural and academic elite who are not blind, who realize that there is a Jewish history and sacred heritage that antedates Herzl, and that a radical re-assessment of our educational and spiritual priorities is long overdue. They surely recognize that this slavish genuflection to the values of the West leads only to a dead end.
It is time for these opinion leaders – together with the masses of our people who deep within themselves yearn for truth, meaning and transcendence – to speak up and demonstrate their revulsion, lest Jerusalem the city of holiness becomes Jerusalem the city of graft.
These are dispiriting times; and yet if Isaiah’s prophecy about thieves and bribery constitute today’s headline, then the following prophecy – from that same first chapter – could be tomorrow’s: “Your judges will I reestablish as of old and your counselors as at the beginning.
Zion will be redeemed with justice, and her returnees with righteousness.”
The writer is the former editor of ‘Tradition’ magazine.
The Blight of Corrosive Corruption (II), By Isi Leibler (Jerusalem Post)
Alas, today the stench of corruption has become all-pervasive. We are drowning in a sea of moral turpitude. Even as we abide by the principal of presumption of innocence until convicted in a court of law, too much is going on for us not to be sickened by what surrounds us. Each time we think we have reached the bottom, another layer of sleaze is exposed. Our rage, contempt and disillusionment grow daily. Morale has reached an all-time low.
The government, civil service, business sector and all levels of society have become degraded by leaders willing to forgo ethical norms and decency because of greed and the selfish pursuit of personal agendas. The collapse of public morality was undoubtedly a major factor contributing to the leadership breakdown during the bungled Lebanon war.
WE MUST remind ourselves that while crude public corruption seems to have plunged to its nadir, it is certainly not a new phenomenon for this country.
However there is no denying that the level of corruption in the public domain then was far less acute than today. This is highlighted by the stark contrast between the modest lifestyles of leaders from Ben-Gurion to Begin (and their ministers) and their venal successors. There was a time when Knesset members put the welfare of the nation above their personal interests.
Exposure for unethical behavior represented the ultimate disgrace and the end of a public career. Thus when housing minister Avraham Ofer was charged with illegal activities (benefiting his party), his shame was so great that he took his own life. And when Leah Rabin was exposed for maintaining a minor illegal foreign currency account, her husband felt impelled to resign from the prime ministership – a far cry from the response of politicians today.
KEY events paved the way for the escalating collapse of moral standards in the public domain. Desperate to attain a Knesset majority to endorse the Oslo Accords, Yitzhak Rabin employed political patronage to bribe unprincipled opposition members – including Gonen Segev, who was subsequently convicted of a drug related felony.
Corrupt practices in the public domain desensitized the people and provided a green light to other politicians to feather their nests, bringing about a proliferation of other scandals. This trend was accelerated when the Likud Central Committee, which selected candidates for the Knesset, was expanded by Avigdor Lieberman, from a body of 100 to 3,000 members. Subsequently, in the campaign against Netanyahu, Omri Sharon recruited additional elements, including a number allegedly linked to the criminal world.
The brassy, newly-empowered “plebeian” masters of the Likud lacked ideological motivation and finesse. Their prime motivation was to redivide the spoils for themselves. Some candidates were even shamelessly remunerated with hard cash in return for their support.
YET DESPITE this awful state of affairs, the good news is that in recent times, riding on the crest of popular national and media outrage, the police have become emboldened. In contrast to the past, they are confronting leading politicians and members of the establishment suspected of having breached the law. Indeed the flood of new scandals being exposed is undoubtedly also a byproduct of the more aggressive implementation of law enforcement.
Our responsibility as concerned citizens is to continue exerting pressure to achieve governance, financial transparency and trust, in order to ensure that Israel remains a viable democratic state.
The writer chairs the Diaspora-Israel relations committee of the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, and is a veteran international Jewish leader.